History, Geography, Weather
Mauritius is located in the southern hemisphere in the middle of the Indian Ocean, about 900km east of Madagascar. Mauritius is characterized by a maritime climate with steady southeast trade winds; tropical in summer and moderate in winter. On Mauritian coast, temperatures can vary between 24 ° C and 30 ° C in summer and 18 ° C and 25 ° C in winter. The temperature on the central plateau is lower by about five degrees. In late summer, Mauritius can be affected by cyclones, but these are usually very mild and only last 48 hours.
Mauritius is renowned worldwide for its turquoise lagoons and breath-taking landscapes; but the island has more to offer. Mauritius is well known and respected destination for golf enthusiasts. Great numbers of domains propose activities such as quad sessions, hiking and zip lines. Casela, situated on the west coast, of the island, is a park comprising of animals from Africa, such as lions, leopards, giraffes, zebras and birds etc. This park also proposes activities such as quad biking, Segway, zip lining etc. Mauritius beautiful lagoons, allows many more activities such as diving, fishing, surfing and kite-surfing. The island also benefit from museum to be discovered, such as Blue Penny museum, L’Aventure du sucre, etc
The government is very vigilant concerning the tropical diseases. There is no risk of malaria or other tropical diseases to fear. Thanks to regular mosquito control, the risk associated to the transmission of disease via mosquito sting/insect bites is almost non-existent. The most important risk is Turista also known as travellers’ diarrhoea; therefore there is a warning against prepared meals, seafood, meat, raw or poorly cooked fish, and unpeeled fruits and vegetables. It is advised not to drink tap water, prefer bottled water instead. The health system in Mauritius is rather important; health care is free since the independence of the island. Mauritius has very good private hospitals such as Clinic Fortis Darné in Floreal and Grand Baie, Clinique du Nord in Grand Baie, and Appolo Bramwell Private Hospital in Moka. Clinique Fortis Darné and Appolo Bramwell are affiliated to the French social security. Well stock pharmacies are available everywhere on the island. Mauritius offers a combination of a tropical lifestyle with the benefits of sanitary security of northern countries.
French families residing in Mauritius have access to schools applying the French national education program. This program is available to students of all ages, from kinder garden to the French Baccalaureate. Mauritius has three French schools from “primary” and secondary” section which are namely: l’Ecole du Nord (in Mapou), l’Ecole du Centre (in Moka) and Le Lycee Labourdonnais (in Curepipe). Concerning the high school section, Mauritius has two French high schools: Lycee des Mascareigne (in Moka) and Lycee Labourdonnais (in Curepipe).
Between Mauritius and Paris, there is 11 hours direct flight. Mauritius has one airport and it is located in the southeast of the island. Airline companies delivering flights from Paris to Mauritius are Air France and Air Mauritius; these airlines offer daily and direct flights.
Corsair International also provides weekly flights to Mauritius, with a small technical stop to Reunion Island.
Emirates provide flights to Mauritius from Paris via Dubai. Finally, Air Austral also provides flight to Mauritius via St Denis, Reunion Island. Mauritius roads have recently been renovated to facilitate smoother vehicles flow. Road infrastructures are in good state with good directional signage on main roads. Be careful, whiledriving your vehicle, driving is o n the left and the road priority is on the right. The speed limit is regulated at 60km/ in towns, 80km/h on other roads and 110km/h on certain part of the motorway. Control radars are numerous. The island is very well served by buses, bus stops are usually represented by bus shelters or simple sign “Bus Stop”.
Currency and Banks
Since 1876, it is the Mauritian rupee the official currency of Mauritius Island. Its generic acronym is “Rs”. There are seven denominations such as Rs 25, Rs 50, Rs 100, Rs 200, Rs 500, Rs 1000 and Rs 2000. There are also seven different kinds of coins such as Rs 1, Rs 5, Rs 10, Rs 20 and cents coins 5 cents, 20 cents and 50 cents. The Mauritian rupee can only be exchanged in Mauritius, there are several exchange offices and banks across the island to exchange money. It is also possible to exchange Mauritian rupees at the airport. The Mauritian rupee has a stable valuecompared to the EURO since the end of 2012 . A Mauritian rupee is more or less worth 1/40 euro.
Resident or not, it is simple to open a bank account in Mauritius. All is needed is a valid passport and proof of address to open a current account and obtain a cheque book, a debit card and internet banking facilities. If you do not have any address in Mauritius, a recommendation letter from your origin country bank can be requested. The most popular banks are: The Mauritius Commercial Bank, Banque des Mascareignes, Barclays Bank, HSBC Bank, Afrasia Bank, et Bank One. Their head quarters are in Port Louis, but
mots of them have branches spread over the island. The opening hours are as from 9am to 3:15pm from Monday to Friday.